Dental Care: Very often, the primary cause of a toothache is decay. The first sign of decay is the pain you feel every time you eat something sweet, very cold or very hot. Tooth decay typically occurs in the teeth at the back of your mouth, known as molars and premolars. These are large flat teeth used to chew food. Because of their size and shape, small particles of food can easily get stuck on and in between these teeth. Furthermore, they are also harder to clean properly.

Dental Care

Pain occurs when the inside of the tooth that has tissue and nerves has become irritated. Other dental causes of a toothache include gum disease, grinding teeth, infection, and an intense bite. Tooth or jaw pain may be the result of tooth eruption in babies and preschool children. A complete oral examination is important to determine the real cause of a toothache.

Pain around the teeth and the jaws may also be symptoms of heart disease. Ear infections, sinus, and tension in the facial muscles cause discomfort that resembles a toothache and more often, these health problems are accompanied by a headache. Presence of pus could indicate gum disease which is usually characterized by an abnormal loss of bone surrounding the teeth and inflammation of the soft tissue.

Tooth decay is much easier to treat successfully in its early stages. It does not have any symptoms until it has reached an advanced stage. If you have any of the following symptoms, visit your dentist at once.

  • A toothache

  • Tooth sensitivity

  • Discolored spots on your teeth

  • Difficulty in breathing and swallowing

  • Swelling around the tooth area

  • Pain when you bite

  • Fever

  • Bad breath

  • Foul-tasting discharge

Possible self-care treatment to temporarily ease the pain and inflammation from a toothache.

  • Gargle with warm salt water.

  • Floss gently teeth to remove any food particles between teeth.

  • Take a pain reliever like ibuprofen or acetaminophen to relieve pain.

  • Do not put against the gums near the aching tooth painkillers as it may burn gum tissue.

  • Apply antiseptic containing benzocaine directly to the irritated tooth or gum to temporarily ease the pain.

  • A cold compress may also be applied on the outside cheek if there has been any trauma to the tooth.

Whatever the case may be, see a trusted dentist as soon as possible for diagnosis and treatment. Prolonging such condition can worsen your tooth problem. To prevent toothaches, a regular oral hygiene routine is necessary. Failure to brush and floss regularly can significantly increase your risk of developing cavities. Bacteria in your mouth feed on sugar and starch which produce acid that can result in cavities in your tooth’s enamel and eventually cause you a considerable pain, potentially destroying the dentin, pulp, and tooth’s nerve.

There are a number of techniques that can help repair damaged teeth, such as fillings and crowns though in more advanced cases of tooth decay, the tooth may need to be removed. Tooth decay is one of the most preventable health conditions. As long as you look after your teeth well and regularly visit your dentist, you should be able to prevent any tooth decay. Adults over 18 years old should have a check-up at least every two years while people under 18 years old should have a check-up at least once a year.

Source: Dr. Galliano